search contact ipacc login  
[ ENGLISH | FRANCAIS ]       
             
 
HOME
About IPACC
Who is Indigenous?
NEWS
The Latest News from
the indigenous world
News Archives
REGIONAL
Central Africa
East Africa
North Africa
Sahel Horn of Africa
Southern Africa
West Africa
IPACC BLOG
EVENT CALENDAR
PUBLICATIONS
VIDEO
IMAGE GALLERIES
Who are the Indigenous Peoples of Africa?

Today, groups claiming to be ‘indigenous’ in Africa are mostly those who have been living by hunting and gathering; by transhumant (migratory nomadic) pastoralism. and those practicing traditional drylands horticulture including oasis cultures.

These different peoples represent the backbone of Africa's traditional knowledge of nature and sustainable development in remote rural areas.

Indigeneity is associated with both the negative experience of discrimination and marginalisation from governance, as well as the positive aspects of being holders of unique knowledge which has emerged through the long-term management of arid area and tropical forest ecosystems. Indigenous cultures arise and are sustained by the wise use of natural resources.

Some Africans may be offended by the idea that one ethnic group should be called ‘indigenous’ and others not. IPACC recognises that all Africans should enjoy equal rights and respect. All of Africa’s diversity is to be valued. Particular communities, due to historical and environmental circumstances, have found themselves outside the state-system and underrepresented in governance. These ‘first-peoples’ or ‘autochthonous peoples’ have associated themselves with the United Nations’ standards on the rights of indigenous peoples. This is not to deny other Africans their status; it is to emphasise that affirmative recognition is necessary for hunter-gatherers and herding peoples to ensure their survival.

The claims to being indigenous in Africa are related to a cluster of characteristics:

  • political and economic marginalisation rooted in colonialism;

  • de facto discrimination based often on the dominance of agricultural peoples in the State system (e.g. lack of access to education and health care by hunters and herders);

  • the particularities of culture, identity, economy and territoriality that link hunting and herding peoples to their home environments in deserts and forests (e.g. nomadism, diet, knowledge systems);

  • some indigenous peoples, such as the San and Pygmy peoples are physically distinct, which makes them subject to specific forms of discrimination.

Recent efforts to map Africa’s genetic prehistory are drawing attention to the fact that ‘first peoples’ have a great antiquity on the continent. Africa is recognised by geneticists and archaeologists as the cradle of humankind. Africa has the greatest genetic and linguistic diversity of any continent. There have been major technical advances over the last decade in reading genetic signatures and unravelling prehistory of Africa. Peoples such as the San and Khoe, the Hadzabe, and the various ‘Pygmy’ forest peoples represent some of the oldest gene types on the planet.

Genetics is not the basis of human rights, but it does reflect that the distribution of power between different peoples in Africa is born of a long history and cannot be dismissed.
Breaking News
- 1 Oct 2014 -
UN Forest Forum: African states confirm declaration to protect forests
UN Climate Summit: African countries endorse New York Declaration on Forest   by Kanyinke Sena   Six African countries among them Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic o ...
- 13 Aug 2014 -
Niger and uranium - call for greater transparency
Call for the protection of human rights defenders who are seeking greater transparency & fairness in dealings between the Niger government & extractive industries8 August 2014 &ndash ...
Upcoming Events
- 1 Dec 2014 -
The 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC is expected to take place in 1-12 December 2014 in Peru.
UNFCCC COP 20

The 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC is expected to take place in December 2014 in Peru.

read more: http://climate-l.iisd.org/events/unfccc-cop- ...
IPACC Publications
Click here to find IPACC's latest publications
 
    Content of this website is copyright IPACC 2010,   Terms and Conditions of Use
Powered by StudentWorx